IndiaFacts - Discover India

Indiafacts provide information related to India and contains large number of articles on India. India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with rich cultural heritage. Find articles and essays on various topics.

Wednesday, 26 December 2018

Speech on Global Warming | Global Warming Effects

 Speech on Global Warming | Global Warming Effects
Greetings to all my regarded instructors and dear companions at this incredible event. I might want to give a discourse over the global warming which is a most unmistakable natural issue. Step by step, we are feeling extraordinary changes in the environment and atmosphere of the earth. The earth environment is getting warm step by step anyway the procedure has turned out to be quick in most recent couple of years. The catastrophic events we are confronting now daily, for example, tremors, wave, typhoon, storm, thunder, and so on are the aftereffect of global warming. We are feeling a gigantic change in the season's length like winter season is getting short and summer season is getting long. Polar icecaps and icy masses are softening as it were.
Global Warming Effects, Speech on Global Warming, global warming

In a few locales of the nation, there is decline in the snowfall sums; spring season appears to happen prior and blossoms sprout before time from couple of decades. Gigantic environmental change is the sign for us showing terrible impacts of the global warming. Winged creatures are moving from more sweltering to colder locales, sea tempests in the Atlantic are progressively visit having high power. Ocean levels are rising ceaselessly, icy masses are softening a result of more grounded warmth waves, human wellbeing is getting crumbled, atmosphere is changing, climate designs are changing, condition temperature is expanding influencing entire atmosphere unfavorably, and different issues on account of the human mechanical exercises.

Earth's surface climate is relentlessly expanding a direct result of the essential drivers of global warming, for example, green house impact of the green house gases. Green house gases gathered in the climate like carbon dioxide traps the perilous UV beams and makes condition more blazing. In light of the global warming dry spell and surge may happen all the more as often as possible. Expanded earth's temperature overall causes more dampness ingestion and in this way dry seasons. Because of the dry season fields don't get sufficient soil dampness so the ranchers confront heaps of money related hardship. The overall individuals' interest of natural products, vegetables, and grains don't progress toward becoming satisfy because of dry spell. Subsequently, global warming brings nourishment deficiencies everywhere throughout the world.

Hotter air in the climate holds bunches of dampness than the cool air which results in the surge in numerous territories. The two dry spells and surges antagonistically influence the yield generation. These are cataclysmic events influencing human, creatures and plants lives in numerous angles. Coral reefs are viewed as the most imperative for the water lives as they give nourishment and safe house to the fish, crabs, ocean turtles, and other sea-going creatures. Along these lines, the global warming is a major danger to the presence of life here on the earth in future. It should be settled by the global exertion of individuals on critical premise to keep up sound and cheerful life here.

Educated Unemployment in India | Unemployment in India

 Educated Unemployment in India
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India is confronting the test of Educated Employment where educated youth on mass-scale are thinking that its difficult to land a position or work.

Today, tragically, our nation is looked with one of the grimmest issues – that of mass-joblessness among the informed young fellows and ladies. In Kerala, Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and different States, where the level of educated individuals is high, the informed individuals are made a decent attempt to adapt up to the issue.

After the Independence it was trusted that the issue of joblessness would turn into a 'legend of the past' and that not a solitary instructed child or little girl of Free India would experience the ill effects of the situation of joblessness. In any case, the circumstance took an alternate turn. The quantity of joblessness, particularly among instructed people started to increment with disturbing speed. In 1957, ten years after the fulfillment of autonomy, India showed a dreary display of mass-joblessness and a board of trustees, selected by the Government of India, in its report gave the starling and gravely disturbing statistical data points, demonstrating reality that an expansive level of the University graduates, particularly in Arts, had not been given business. 

Unemployment in India essay

The surrender instruction framework that produces graduates and post-graduates like pins is one of the primary driver for the issue of Educated Unemployment. In the wake of taking their degrees they have one and just a single point – to thump at the entryways of Government or business workplaces for posts of trivial assistants. Brain of a town kid or the child of an agriculturist is so severely influenced by four years of scholarly life in the city that he would consider it underneath his respect to fall back to his fatherly calling as a University graduate. He would want to live in the city as a representative illustration a compensation which might be multiple times not exactly the sum which he can gain by enhancing his dad's farming calling.

There is a hopeless shortage of specialized and professional foundations in the nation. There are not very many Engineering and Technological schools, and the costs for experiencing these courses are high to the point that a normal individual, having a place with white collar class, can't stand to have his child conceded in these foundations. 

Unemployment in India

College training ought to be put under specific limitations. Just those understudies might be permitted to join a post-graduate school, who has anchored somewhere around a high second division in their fundamental examinations. This would put a conclusion to the way toward delivering mass alumni, which has escalated the issue of joblessness. Increasingly specialized, restorative and horticultural universities ought to be built up everywhere throughout the nation and Government help and grants ought to be allowed to the meriting understudy. Town young men, specifically, ought to be conferred preparing in house ventures with the goal that they may gain their job by beginning such businesses in their towns.

The joblessness issue, particularly among the informed youth of India, ought to be given a genuine thought to by the administration, as the adolescent of today is to be the mainstay of the country in future. In the event that the rising age is crippled and declined; if its soul and enthusiasm are chilled under the effect of joblessness, our nation won't have the capacity to make any considerable development in future.

Long Essay on Indian Army | Essay on Indian Armed Forces

There are not very many foundations left in the nation for which it very well may be said that nation will stop to exist if these organizations fall flat. Indian armed force is one of them. Numerous establishments in the nation which should stay nonpartisan and unprejudiced (how about we not name them) got undermined but rather in every one of these years by one way or another Indian armed force has figured out how to stay unbiased and fair.

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Job of Indian Army towards Country
All organizations of the nation contribute towards country building. It resembles the different organs of a body which perform in synchronization. It would not be right to state that Indian armed force resembles the core of a body. In the event that it stops, the entire body (country) stops. There are numerous jobs which the military plays. Some of them are examined underneath.

Indian Army – a Uniting Force
We as a whole realize that Indian armed force is our first line of safeguard. It has shielded us from numerous outside assaults (5 noteworthy wars and couple of other minor clashes). It is additionally helping different offices in managing fear mongering, uprising, peace, riots and so on. Its polished methodology and mainstream quality stays unchallenged.

This is the reason it's a bringing together power. At the point when our nation got triumph in Kargil war, the entire nation (I mean each one, regardless of standing, religion statement of faith, sex) celebrated. The main other thing which has this sort of impact is cricket, I assume. Indian armed force has people from all religions. It doesn't segregate based on rank, religion, order and so on. This is the reason it's a binding together power.

Indian armed force – our Shine

This is on the grounds that when everything falls flat, Indian armed force does not. There are such a significant number of precedents which can be cited in help of this contention. Aside from its center obligations, it is approached to perform numerous different obligations for instance revolt control. Whenever police and different organizations can't control the circumstance then Indian armed force is called and till date they have a 100% reputation.
In characteristic catastrophes like surge and seismic tremors, Indian armed force is called on the grounds that different offices come up short on the coordination and preparing which Indian armed force has. Indeed, even in games, we rely upon Indian armed force to acquire awards worldwide donning occasions like federation amusements, Asian diversions, Olympics and so on. The absolute best sportspersons like Milkha Singh, Rajya Vardhan Rathore, Vijay Kumar, Dhyan Chand, Jitu Rai, Ram Singh Yadav are from armed force foundation.

Indian Army – Second Largest Force
It is said that, fortunate are the individuals who get chosen for Indian armed force. It is presently a-days considered a decent boss in light of the pay and livens which it gives. It is one of the biggest work suppliers in the nation.

At last I might want to state that we are fortunate to have a foundation like Indian armed force available to us, without which we would never have endure. Long live India and long live Indian armed force… Jai Hind!

Essay on Education System in India

 Essay on Education System in India

Indian education system is one of the most established instruction frameworks around the world. Tragically, while the instruction frameworks of alternate countries have experienced significant changes with the changing occasions and mechanical headway we are as yet stayed with the old and ordinary framework. Neither has our framework seen any real change in the educational modules nor has there been any noteworthy change in the manner in which the instruction is bestowed.

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Issues with Indian Education System
The Indian education system has various issues that impede the best possible development and improvement of a person. One of the primary issues with the Indian education system is its checking framework. The insight of the understudies is made a decision by the manner in which they perform in a 3 hour hypothetical paper as opposed to by their general execution in the class. In such a situation, learning exercises to get great imprints turns into the sole point of the understudies. They are not ready to think past it. They are not fretted over understanding ideas or upgrading their insight all they consider is to search for approaches to get great imprints.

Another issue is that the emphasis is just on hypothesis. No significance is given to useful learning. Our education system urges the understudies to wind up bibliophiles and does not set them up for taking care of the genuine issues and difficulties of life.

Scholastic are given so much significance that the need to include the understudies in games and workmanship exercises is ignored. Understudies are additionally overburdened with studies. Normal tests are held and understudies are examined at each progression. This makes intense worry among the understudies. The feeling of anxiety of the understudies keeps on developing as they advance to higher classes.

Approaches to Improve Indian Education System
Numerous thoughts and proposals have been shared to enhance the Indian education system. A portion of the approaches to change our instruction framework for good include:

Concentrate on Skill Development
It is the ideal opportunity for the Indian schools and universities to quit putting such a great amount of significance to the imprints and positions of the understudies and spotlight on ability advancement. The subjective, critical thinking, expository and inventive reasoning aptitudes of the understudies must be improved. So as to do as such they should be engaged with different scholastic and also additional curricular exercises as opposed to confining them in the dull classroom sessions.

Grant Practical Knowledge
Functional learning is imperative to build up a careful comprehension of any subject. Be that as it may, our Indian education system centers principally around hypothetical learning. This should be changed. Understudies must be bestowed commonsense information for better understanding and application.

Overhaul the Curriculum
The educational modules of our schools and universities is the equivalent since decades. It is an ideal opportunity to transform it according to the changing occasions with the goal that the understudies learn things progressively significant to their occasions. For example, PC ought to end up one of the principle subjects in schools with the goal that understudies figure out how to function proficiently on the equivalent from the earliest starting point. Additionally, there ought to be classes on growing great relational abilities as it is the need of great importance.

Contract Better Teaching Staff
So as to spare a couple of bucks, the instructive establishments in our nation procure instructors who request less pay regardless of whether they are not exceptionally gifted and experienced. This methodology must be changed. Great instructing staff must be employed so as to sustain the youthful personalities well.

Look Beyond Academics
The training arrangement of our nation must look past scholastics. Sports, expressions and different exercises should likewise be offered significance to guarantee the inside and out improvement of understudies.

While the need to change the Indian education system has been accentuated a few times not a lot has been done in such manner. It is an ideal opportunity to comprehend the significance of improving this old framework eventual fate of the youngsters and additionally the nation all in all.

India - A short Essay for Kids | Essay on India

My Country India - A short Essay for Kids

Introduction - My India
India is my Country and I am pleased to be an Indian. India is a huge nation and it positions as the seventh biggest nation on the planet. It is the second most populated nation on the planet.
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India Identity
India is a Peninsula Island which implies it is encompassed by seas from three sides, for example, the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in west and Indian sea in South. The National creature of India is a tiger, the national fledgling is a peacock, national blossom is a lotus, national natural product is mango. The national banner of India has tricolor saffron, white and green the Ashoka chakra in the center tie. The national hymn of India is "Jana Gana Mana", the national tune is "Vande Mataram" and national games is hockey. 

Societies and Languages of India
India is a place that is known for Lord Shiva and Lord Krishna, the fantasy of Buddha and Mahatma Gandhi, it is a nursery of sanctuary and mosques. India is as a matter of first importance in my musings. I cherish my Motherland India. India is where the general population are of various ranks, ideology, religions and societies live respectively and they talk distinctive dialects. It is the fundamental motivation behind why India is said to be a nation of "Solidarity in Diversity".

India is outstanding for its other worldliness, reasoning, science and innovation. Individuals in India are of different religions like Hindu, Muslim, Jain, Sikh, Buddha, Christianity lives here together in all aspects of the nation. It is likewise renowned for cultivating and horticulture which is the foundation of the nation, it utilizes the delivered nourishment grains and different things of their own nation. The India is additionally celebrated for its vacationer Places on the grounds that the excellence of India draws in the general population's psyche from everywhere throughout the world.

Tourism in India
It is wealthy in landmarks, tombs, houses of worship, recorded spots of engineering, and so on are the wellspring of salary to it. India is where Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, the brilliant sanctuary, Qutab Minar, red post, Ooty, Nilgiris, Kashmir, Khajuraho, Ajanta and Ellora caverns, and so forth are ponders exist in the nation. It is the nation of incredible waterways, mountains, valleys, lakes and seas. Hindi is the national dialect of India. In India there are 29 states and 7 association domains, in 29 states there are numerous little towns and urban areas. The rural land for the most part creates the sugarcane, cotton, jute, rice, wheat, oats and numerous different products.

Renowned identity
India is a nation of extraordinary pioneers and opportunity warriors. The Indian troopers are on fringes to shield our India from fear monger. The extraordinary pioneers like Chhatrapati Shivaji, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, and so forth., the incredible researchers like Dr. Jagadeesh Chandra Bose, Dr. Homi Bhabha, Dr. C.V Raman, Dr. Naralikar, and so on., the extraordinary reformers like Mother Teresa, Pandurangashastri Alphaville, T.N. Sheshan these are extraordinary people groups took birth in India. Our own is a mainstream state. In her lap inhale the upbeat adherents of the different religions of the world. We have a special culture which has created throughout the hundreds of years.

There is much decent variety among the general population of India. We talk distinctive dialects, revere numerous divine beings but then we as a whole have a similar soul of India, we are going through all parts of our nation restricting us together. We have incredible solidarity in decent variety, it is where assorted variety exists with solid solidarity and harmony.

Tuesday, 25 December 2018

United Nations - UN | History, Organization, Functions, & Facts

United Nations - UN | History, Organization, Functions, & Facts
After the end of Second World War, Allied countries fighting the Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan, came together to form an International organization aimed to maintain peace and harmony throughout the world. United Nations aims for security, developing friendly relations with countries, solving international disputed peacefully, achieve international cooperation. United Nations has seven organs.

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United Nations Headquarters
United Nation headquarter is located in New York ,USA. Further, main branches are in Nairobi, Geneva and Vienna.

United Nations History
The member countries after the end of World War II, met in San Francisco in 1945 and formed the UN. During its foundation, there were 51 countries, but as of 2018, there are 193 members. United Nation has been successful in many areas like War, Cooperation, Security, International Issues of concern. United Nations also has organs related to cultural and heritage issues. United Nations has brought many countries closer and has created platform to bring countries closer. 

United Nations General Assembly 
The main forum in the united nation is the General Assembly. Every member state sends one delegate to the UN Assembly , which meets for four months a year. Decisions are made by a simple majority vote, unless they are so important that they require a two thirds majority. The assemble has few powers, but it does serve as an International parliament in which member states can discuss issues of mutual concerns. 

United Nations Security Council
The most powerful part of United Nation is the security council. The council has a membership of 15, comprising five permanent members - USA, China, Russia, France and UK and 10 members elected for two years term by the UN General Assembly. The Security Council can meet anytime and can call on the armies of member states to enforce its decision.  

United Nations International Court of Justice
International legal disputes between nations are settled at International Court at the Hague in Netherlands. The court consist of 15 judges elected by Security Council and the General Assembly and makes decision by majority Vote.
Recently, a case was brought in International Court of Justice (ICJ) by India related to the imprisonment of Indian Citizen in Pakistan on the charges of espionage. The Indian citizen was charged by Pakistani Military Court without giving any consular access to India. India successfully won the case and the punishment was halted by ICJ. Many such cases have been resolved in the International Court of Justice. 

Secretariat of the United Nations
The day to day administration is in the hands of Secretariat. The staff of secretariat comes from every nation and works both in headquarter of UN in New York and in any country in the world where UN is active. 

Secretary General of the United Nations
The Secretary of the United Nations is the most powerful person in the organization who is elected after every five years by the General Assembly. Following is the list of Secretary of the UN:

No. Name Country of origin Took office Left office Notes
1 Trygve Lie  Norway 2 February 1946 10 November 1952 Resigned
2 Dag Hammarskjöld  Sweden 10 April 1953 18 September 1961 Died in office
3 U Thant  Burma 30 November 1961 31 December 1971
4 Kurt Waldheim  Austria 1 January 1972 31 December 1981
5 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru 1 January 1982 31 December 1991
6 Boutros Boutros-Ghali  Egypt 1 January 1992 31 December 1996
7 Kofi Annan  Ghana 1 January 1997 31 December 2006
8 Ban Ki-moon  South Korea 1 January 2007 31 December 2016
9 António Guterres  Portugal 1 January 2017

 Some notable works of United Nations :
  • Kashmir Dispute 1948 UN resolution
 United Nations intervened in the Kashmir war of 1947-48 and passed a resolution , thus temporarily ending the bloodied war between two newly independent nations India and Pakistan.
  • Korean War
Korean War between South and North Korea was fought between 1950-53. United Nations led the ceasefire and ended the war. 

United Nations, though has been successful in many fields, still it faces many challenges in 21st century. Many issues are still unresolved and cooperation between countries is very much needed to solve many issues. 

Indus Valley Civilization | History, Location, Map & Facts - Ancient History of Indian Subcontinent

Indus civilization | History, Location, Map & Facts - Ancient History of Indian Subcontinent

On the banks of the Indus River in modern day Pakistan, one of the world's earliest civilizations grew and flourished between c.2700 and 1750 BC. It was centred on the citites of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa, each of which contained up to 40,000 people. Large public buildings, built of mud bricks, show that the civilization was prosperous. We know little about day-to-day life of Indus Valley citizens, except that they traded with Sumeria and may have practised an early form of Hinduism. Their civilization mysteriously collapsed after 1750 BC; this may have been due to invasions, or the river Indus changing its course. 
It was in 1922, a great discovery took place. It carried the date of Indus civilisation far back. It was proved that Indian subcontinent had a civilisation long back. The credit of this discovery goes to two famous historians, Rakhal Das Banerjee and Dayaram Sahni. By archaeological excavation in the Punjab and Sindh, they dug out the remains of two ancient cities. One was Harappa, situated in the Montgomery district of Punjab on the bank of the river Ravi. The other was Mahenjo-Daro situated in the Larkana district of Sindh.
The word Mahenjo-daro means ‘Mound of the dead’. Harappa and Mahenjo-daro were lying under the earth for several years.Their discovery brought to light a new chapter of ancient India. The world came to know that Ancient Civilisation also dawned on the soil of Indian subcontinent, as in Egypt or Mesopotamia.

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Mohenjo-Daro - Indus Valley Civilization
Indus valley cities were planned and built on a grid pattern. They had broad main roads and narrow lanes. Drains carried away the household waste All the houses were built around central courtyards. During the day, people lived and worked in these courtyards. 

Ancient Script - Indus Valley Civilization
Archeologists have found stone seals in a script unlike any other ancient form of writing. When long texts are found, scholars can often decipher them - but the Indus Valley inscriptions are very short, so their meaning remains a mystery. 

Religion - Indus Valley Civilization
Little is known about the Indus religion. The importance of water, shown by the existence of bath house, has led some scholars to link with later Hinduism. Various statues have been found that may represent gods and goddesses. 

Crafts - Indus Valley Civilization
Indus valley people were skilled potters and metalworkers. They made fine painted vessels, terracotta statues, and beautiful gold jewellery. They also learned how to blend copper and tin to produce bronze. 

Agriculture - Indus Valley Civilization
Indus civilization agriculture was extremely productive; finally, it had been capable of generating surpluses spare to support tens of thousands of urban residents Most of the people weren't primarily engaged in agriculture. It relied on the extended technological achievements of the pre - Harappan culture. Still, little or no is thought regarding the farmers supported the cities or their agricultural ways. A number of them beyond question created use of the fertile soil left by rivers when the flood season, however this easy technique of agriculture isn't thought to be productive enough to support cities. There's no proof of irrigation, however such proof might be obliterated by continual, ruinous floods.

Tags: harappan civilization, indus river, indus river valley, indus valley civilization for kids,
history of indus valley civilization

Tuesday, 4 December 2018

Central Asia | Information | Quick Guide | Central Asia Facts | Central Asia Countries

Central Asia Countries, Facts, Quick Guide

Central Asia lies in the central part of Asian continent. Central Asia religion is mainly Islam followed by Christianity and various other religions. Central Asian people belong to various ethnicity like Uzbek, Tajik, Kazhak, Kyrgyz, Afghan.  Central Asian countries are Uzbekistan, Tajikistan Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan. Central Asia and Russia share a long history as both were part of USSR until 1991.
Central Asia is mostly Arid Desert and mountainous, central Asia is made up of five nations. The Silk Road, an ancient date route between China, Middle east, and Europe, once passed though the region, boosting the textile industry and making handwoven rugs from Central Asia world famous. From 1922 to 1991, the whole area, apart from Afghanistan, was part of the Soviet Union. Under communist rule, the countries were partly modernized. Today, however, as independent nations they face an uncertain future. In 2001, Afghanistan was links to terrorist attacks of September 11 in the USA and was devastated by US-led reprisal bombings. Central Asia countries still have Soviet influence. Central Asian religion is majorly Islam followed by Christianity.
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Central Asia - Physical Features

Central Asia is covered by two hot, dry desert: the Karakumy and Kyzyl Kum. The rest is largely rugged mountain chains. There is a small area of farmland, which has been extended by irrigation.
Central Asia Desert - Kyzyl Kum
The name Kyzyl Kum means "red sands". The desert region lies south of Aral Sea, between the rivers Syr Daria and Amu Darya, mostly in Uzbekistan. Few people apart from nomads live here. Much of it is covered by low hills and sandy wastelands.
Tien Shan - Mountains of Central Asia
The literal translation of Tien Shan is Heavenly Mountains. This range of ice-capped peaks runs for about 3,000 km from eastern Kyrgyzstan into China. The highest point is Pobeda Peak, 7,439 m. It is used extensively for farming.
Regional Climate of Central Asia
Most of the region is cold in winter and very hot and dry in summer. Rainfall is uniformly low, which hampers farming. The mountain regions are always cooler than the lowlands, and many of the peaks are permanently covered by snow and ice.

Central Asian Countries

Basic Facts: 
Capital City: Ashgabat
Main Languages : Turkmen, Russian.
Currency : Manat
Only two percent of Turkmenistan's arid land can be farmed. With irrigation, cotton,fruit, wheat, and vegetables are produced. Many people live in nomadic tribes, and there is much inter tribal tension. Turkmenistan is world's largest producer of natural gas of 2007.
Known as the "Wind of heaven", Akhal-teke race-horses have been bred in south of Karakumy desert for centuries. Fast, hardy, and well suited to hot, harsh climate, Akhal-Teke comete in traditional horse races at the Ashgabat hippodrome. 


Basic facts:
Capital City: Tashkent
Main Languages: Uzbek, Russian
Currency: Som
Although 80 percent of Uzbekistan is covered by dry steppe and desert, its area of fertile land and resources of oil gas, gold, copper, and coal make it one of Central Asia's wealthier countries. Fruits, silk coconuts, and vegetables are exported to Moscow. Uzbekistan has world's largest single gold mine. Uzbekistan is the world's fourth largest producer of cotton.
Home to 5,00,000 people, the ancient city of Samarakand was once the center for trade in silk from China. Today, the manufacture of silk and cotton textiles is still the city's main industry. Samarakand's Registan square contains some magnificent 14th century Islamic architecture.


Basic Facts:
Capital City: Bishkek
Main Languages: Kyrgyz, Russian
Currency : Som
Dominated by the arid Tian Shan mountains, Kyrgyzstan is a mainly rural country. Only seven percent of the land is cultivable. Half is used for growing fodder for livestock; the rest supports vegetables, wheat, fruit, cotton, and tobacco. The population of Kyrgyzstan is made up of 57 percent Kyrgyzstan people or Kyrgyz. The rest are mainly Russian ,Uzbek.

Resources of Kyrgyzstan
Gold and Mercury are mined for export, as well as smaller amounts of other minerals, including iron ore, tin, lead, copper, zinc etc. Kyrgyzstan has reserves of oil, coal, and gas, and its many rivers and lakes give it great potential for hydroelectric power.


Basic Facts: Dushanbe
Main Languages : Tajik ,Uzbek
Major religion : Islam
Currency : Somoni
The poorest of the former Soviet republics, Tajikistan has been torn by civil war ever since independence. Though thins had improved in recent times. The main ethnic conflict is between Tajiks and Uzbeks. Tajikistan has rich mineral resources.


Basic Facts: Kabul
Main Languages: Persian, Pashto, Dari
Currency: Afghani
Afghanistan has a long history of war. After years of civil strife, Afghanistan was further destroyed by US invasion of Afghanistan. since 2001. Afghanistan is world's poorest country. It has seen harsh rule of Taliban for many years who implemented various restrictions and harsh rules. Since US interference, Afghanistan has civilian government. India has helped Afghanistan improve a lot of infrastructure. Afghanistan still suffers a lot from terrorism.

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Saturday, 22 September 2018

Brief Introduction Of Mahatma Gandhi | Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

When the vast and heavily populated nation of India gained independence from Britain in August 1947, one man more than any other was responsible for that achievement. Mahatma Gandhi united the different communities of India and led them to independence. He believed in non-violent protest and despised the racial violence of his homeland. He became known as Mahatma, or "great sol". Although he did not live long enough to see results of his work, Gandhi remembered today as the instigator of three movements crucial in the 20th centure : the campaigns against racism, colonialism, and violence.

India Nationalism
The British started ruling India from 18th century when they arrived in the Indian subcontinent as traders. Seeing vast treasures and wealth of the country, British successfully started gaining territories through their tactics. This slowly resulted in British controlling vast part of Indian subcontinent. People led rebellion against the British for several years. 
Gandhi, who had successfully led protests in South Africa against racism, returned to India in 1915, hoping to drive out British from India. 
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Friday, 21 September 2018

Surgical Strikes : The Day India Responded


On the midnight of 29th September 2016, Indian Army battalion consisting of 70-80 commandos, crossed the Line Of Control (LoC). First time since Independence, India crossed the heavily militarized border to respond to terrorist attack happened 11 days ago in Uri, Jammu & Kashmir which killed 18 army soldiers. Within no time, this secret attack planned by Indian Army under the order of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, was successful in killing dozens of jihadists who were trained to carry out fidayeen attack across India especially in Kashmir Valley. This daring attack reinstated faith among a billion people who were used to such attacks in past.

 Starting from 2001 Parliament attack which killed many police men to 2008 Mumbai attacks famously known as 26/11 which is called "India's 9/11", India was used to such fidayeen attacks sponsored and carried out by Pakistan's ISI to destabilize India's daily routine and bring fear among millions of Indians. The 2016 Surgical Strikes drew attention of many countries around the world, most of them even congratulated India for wiping out terrorists. Many leaders especially from European Union praised Indian Army for its professional approach.
The reaction of Indians was overwhelming to such extent that many distributed sweets, fired crackers, sent millions of messages to each other, posted many posts across social media. India was celebrating its real Independence from Pakistani aggression. This move by Indian government was supported by common Indian citizens, even by the criticizers of current government. Politically, the reaction was mixed with many asking it's own government for proof just to fool out voters in name of proof. The previous regime even claimed to have carried out such attacks in past on which Indian Army maintained silence.


After suffering many invasions, plunders, genocides in a thousand year history which saw many foreign warrior lords taking over the country especially central Asians , Turks, Persians who ruled India harshly. India never ever in this long bloody history of thousand years, attacked any foreign country or regions. It is well known that India has always defended itself from foreign aggression. Even after India got independence, it fought 5 wars with it's neighbors. Four with Pakistan, one with China, In all wars, Indian Army never crossed border, only 1965 Indo-Pakistani war being exception where Indian army captured Lahore city for brief period only to return within short period without gaining much from this action. Capturing of Lahore wasn't aimed to dismantle Pakistani defense. This was responded by Pakistani Army capturing Khem Karan and adjacent Indian villages. Surgical Strike in all way was vastly different from 1965. Here India, not engaged in any war or under any international pressure, carried out military action which was secret and classified. This was a proper response to fidayeens and Pakistani establishment who have killed many Indians through proxy wars.

In no way it is wrong to say that India in this thousand year,  responded first time by crossing the borders. It proves that this strike is very significant, maintaining sovereignty, reinstating faith among citizens, showing signs of future super power. Apart from Indian Army, the biggest credit goes to government of India for this brave step. India finally moved from its defensive position to attacking position sending messages to neighboring China and Pakistan, India's only two big rivals.


Though it is said Indian Army crossed border to give befitting reply, we should not ignore the fact that India crossed the LoC not an international border. LoC is totally different from international border. LoC is disputed border between India and Pakistan, cutting Kashmir in two parts, controlled by these two nations. According to 1947 Kashmir Instrument of Accession, Pakistani Occupied Kashmir (PoK) is officially India's territory. So in short, Indian Army crossed border to eliminate terrorists from it's own soil. From international perspective, India crossed border but for some active Indians, Indian Army crossed illegal border to eliminate terrorists from occupied territory. Still many common Indians, have no idea about this disputed territory. 

Whenever anyone shows wrong map of India, showing Kashmir region belonging to Pakistan, Indians on social media make a lot of buzz about it. But no one cares about actual situation of occupied territory or how India is going to gain back this territory. The surgical strike by Indian Army, made Indians happy but nobody gave a second thought about the territory where India attacked. This is what is worrisome for India's future if its own people have no idea about geographical, political situation of their country. Indian government must educate its people about this.  Obviously war isn't the solution to this problem but ideological war is what is best reply to its rival.  


No doubt India carried out this brave step. But this is not only the final step towards eliminating terrorism. This move must be taken as inspiration and motivation so that whenever India is threatened, such moves can be carried out. India since independence has changed drastically. Not by poverty or socially but as a global power and has created its space in international politics.

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